厦门朗阁>资讯>焦点资讯>[GMAT阅读]如何走出GMAT阅读考试迷途

[GMAT阅读]如何走出GMAT阅读考试迷途

  • 来源:朗阁教育
  • 2018/1/22 11:38:38
  • 编辑:xm

在GMAT考试中,令人望而生畏的往往是阅读部分。而GMAT考生入学水平一般都是雅思7分、托福100分以上,可见语言功底相对比较扎实,然而在面对GMAT阅读的时候,为何依然困难重重?

  在GMAT考试中,令人望而生畏的往往是阅读部分。而GMAT考生入学水平一般都是雅思7分、托福100分以上,可见语言功底相对比较扎实,然而在面对GMAT阅读的时候,为何依然困难重重?

  首先,从文章的角度出发,虽然只有短短的两三百字,但其实都是由相当篇幅的文章压缩而来,因此语句之间逻辑关系极其紧密,跳跃性强,一个论点并没有相对充分的论述就已转入下一论点,加之长难句密布,考生在有限的时间里本身就易被句意所困,从而更难理清句间的逻辑关系,在解题中难以提前获取到关键而有效的信息。

  其次,从题目的设置出发,五个选项无疑给我们的判断又增加一个难度,而选项本身也是较具干扰性。有学生反映,跟托福的阅读相比,GMAT的错选常常没有充足或直接的理由去排除,这也正是它本身的特点,有些错选往往只是一个措辞的偏差,或者不经意涉及一个未提及的概念,又或者是本身看似有据可依但答非所问等等,也就是说,在五个本身就复杂的选项中挑出正选同样是件耗时耗力的事情。另外,由于GMAT是按照难度出题的,题目之间本身无序,而假设第一题就因为文章理解的偏差做错(如主旨题),那么后面很可能会出现连错现象,得分会大大降低。

  那么,如何应对阅读这个难题,除了一定的语言基础之外,不得不重视的便是对文章的逻辑关系的把握,为了保证高得分区,大家必须留出时间读文章,保证第一题的正确,那么在短短的三分钟左右的时间里,我们应该读出什么呢?其实,GMAT阅读的各种题型都在直接或变相考察文章的主旨,所谓内行看门道,大家在应对GMAT文章时,也势必要成为内行去看穿拆穿。这便是我们要讨论的解题前必须要找到阅读的方向感-文章之重心,以走出阅读迷途,发现柳暗花明。

  例1-Verbal Review 2015:

  Probably The Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which measures the dollar value of finished goods and services produced by an economy during a given period,serves as the chief indicator of the economic well-being of the United States.The GDP assumes that the economic significance of goods and services lies solely in their price, and that these goods and services add to the national well-being, not because of any intrinsic value they may possess, but simply because they were produced and bought. Additionally, only those goods and services involved in monetary transactions are included in the GDP. Thus, the GDP ignores the economic utility of such things as a clean environment and cohesive families and communities. It is therefore not merely coincidental, since national policies in capitalist and non-capitalist countries alike are dependent on indicators such as the GDP, that both the environment and the social structure have been eroded in recent decades. Not only does the GDP mask this erosion,it can actually portray it as an economic gain: an oil spill off a coastal region “adds” to the GDP because it generates commercial activity. In short, the nation’s central measure of economic well-being works like a calculating machine that adds but cannot subtract.

  迅速读完文章,我们简单梳理如下:

  第一,结论解释型文章(文章类型分法在这里暂不赘述),那么重心当然就是作者想要解释的那个结论,那结论又在哪里?在引出GDP的介绍之后,即指出GDP作为indicator的缺陷(注意红色负评价),所以重心即是缺陷。

  第二,缺陷体现在哪里?注意阴影部分,不难发现三次语义对应,分别都是对环境和社会方面负面影响的忽略,其中oil spill的实例对应环境,也就是作为论据的关键词重复。

  那么我们再看相应的题目:

  Q5. The comparison of the GDP to a calculating machine serves to do which of the following?

  (D) Illustrate the point that the GDP has no way of measuring the destructive impact of such things as oil spills on the nation’s economic well-being

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