厦门朗阁>资讯>朗阁动态>【朗阁教育】“三步走”搞定是非无判断题、是非无考点和易错题分析

【朗阁教育】“三步走”搞定是非无判断题、是非无考点和易错题分析

  • 来源:朗阁教育
  • 2018/1/22 11:38:03
  • 编辑:朗阁教育

“三步走”搞定判断题,是非无考点和易错题

在雅思阅读考试中,判断题的出现频率非常高,深受考官宠爱。但判断题却令中国小烤鸭“爱恨交加”,因为“好蒙不好做”,尤其是FALSE与NOT GIVEN各种傻傻分不清楚,耗时耗力。所以到底如何拿到判断题高分,还是来听听朗阁海外考试研究中心的专家如何支招吧。

 

1什么是考点词?(What)

 

考点词就是一道判断题的“题眼”,也就是需要我们判断和求证的地方。大家做不好判断题就是因为“自己找的考点”≠“考官的考点”,考点对不上,题目怎么可能做得对,就像拿着一张去巴黎的船票,上了去纽约的船,怎么可能看得到卢浮宫?而只有找对了考点词,我们才能有效辨别原文与题干是“agree”或者是“contradict”, 还是“no information”。

 

考点词一共分为以下六类:

1.绝对范围的词,简称“绝对词”

常考的词有:only, most, all, always, both… and…, 最高级(largest)

例题1:Allaircraftin Class E aiarspace must use IFR. (C8T1P2)

例题2:Trees form whichquinine is derived grow only in South America. (C9T1P1) 

例题3:The largest employmentfigures in the world are found in the travel and tourism industry. (C10T3P1)

例题4:Mostpeople have the potential to be creative. (C10T1P3)

例题5:The wear and tear theory applies to both artificalobjects and biological systems. (C8T3P3)

 

2.  程度范围的词多是形容词或者副词,简称”程度词”

程度词常考的有:first, initial, immediately, instant, quickly, enoug, little

例题6: Powercompanies have given Diel enough money todevelop his laser. (C8T3P1)

例题7:The boundaries ofLeyden have change little since the seventeenth century. (C9T4P3)

例题8:Michael Faraday wasthe first person to recognize Perkin’s ability as a student ofchemistry. (C9T1P1)

例题9:Many experts believeCalifornia has made little progress in readying itself tofight fires. (C10T4P1)

 

3.  因果关系考点

a. 原因的信号词:because, since, for, in that, thanks to, due to, owing to, beattributed to, result from

b. 结果的信号词:as a result, so/such that, therefore, hence, thus, accordingly,consequently, result in, lead to, contribute to

例题10: The FAA was created as a result of theintroduction of the jet engine. (C8T1P2)

例题11:Marie was able to attend the Sorbonne because of hersister’s financial contribution. (C9T4P1)

例题12:Tourism has a socialimpact because it promotes recreation. (C10T3P1)

 

4.  比较关系考点

比较关系包括“对比”和“类比”两种。

前者比较“不同点”,例如more/less…than…等,后者比较“相同点”,例如as…as…, the same as等

例题13: The skills of ordinary individuals are inessence the same asthe skills of prodigies. (C8T3P2)

例题14:Products have now been developed which can convey moreinformation than Shannon had anticipated as possible. (C9T3P3)

例题15::Visitor spending is always greater than thespending of residents in tourist areas. (C10T1P3)

 

5.  数字,时间关系考点

例题16:By the end of this decade, CO2 emissions fromtransport are  predicted to reach 739 billion tonnes. (C10T1P2)

例题17: Tourism contributes over six per cent of the Australian gross national product. (C10T3P1)

例题18:The Gothenburg European Council was set up 30 years ago. (C10T1P1)

 

6.  谓语or表语(当没有上面五类考点词时候,就抓句子的谓语或者表语结构)

例题19:Perkin was inspired by the discoveries of the famousscientist Louis Pasteur. (C9T1P1)

例题20:Le Gentil managedto observe a second Venus transit. (C9T2P2)

例题21:Fear of publicspeaking is a pyscholocial illness.(C9T2P3)

注意题干出现形式主语It is adj…形式主语的时候,其中“adj.”是考点

例题22:It is difficult to determine where an animallived when its fossilised remians are incomplete. (C9T1P3)

例题23:It is easier for smaller companies to beinnovative. (C10T1P3)

例题24:It is easy to show statistcally how tourismaffects individual economies. (C10T3P1)

例题25:It is likely that the red pigments help toprotect the leaf from freezing temperatures. (C10T3P2)

 

总结:教给大家一个划定位词和考点词简单的方法——定位词作为名词一般在题干的两头(主语和宾语),而考点词一般在句子中间(表语或谓语,或中间程度范围词)

 

2找到考点,如何判断?(How)

 

我们先来看一下每道是非无判断题目前官方给的判断标准:

YES/TRUE判断标准:if thestatement agreeswith the information/the claims of the writer 即:原文与题干考点含义一致。(见图①)

NO/FALSE判断标准:if thestatement contradictsthe claims of the writer/the information 即:原文与题干考点含义矛盾(见图②)

NOT GIVEN判断标准:if it isimpossible to say that the writer thinks about this/if there is no information即:原文与题干考点一致或者矛盾无法判断(见图③)


 

 

根据上面定义,反对大家把YES/NO/NOT GIVEN直接看成“对”“错”“没给”。

中国人

英国人

TRUE

非TURE

 

FALSE   OR    NOT GIVEN

 

从上图我们看出,中国人在原文与题干一致时,选“对”;原文与题干不一致时选“错”;可是英国人,原文题干一致时,选TRUE;原文与题

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