There is a wider range of achievement amongst Englishpupils studying maths than amongst their Japanese counterparts. (YES, NO, NOT GIVEN)
原文定位：Large sample internationalcomparisons of pupils' attainments since the 1960s have established that notonly did Japanese pupilsat age 13 have better scores of average attainment, but there was also a largerproportion of 'low' attainers in England, where, incidentally, the variation in attainment scoreswas much greater. (Cambridge 8 Test 4 Q6)
分析：很多同学把这题误解为英国小学生数学成绩比日本学生高，所以答案选NO。这题正确理解为：英国小学生数学得分跨度比日本大，比较的是range of achievement, 答案在原文but后面那句话。
原文定位：It would have been easy to criticizethe MIRTP for using the early phases a 'top-down' approach, in which decisions were made by experts and officials beforebeing handed down to communities, but it wasnecessary to start the process from the level of the vernmental authorities of the district.It would have been difficult to respond to the requests of villagers and otherrural inhabitants without the support and understanding of district authorities. (Cambridge 7Test 2 Q29)
分析：这题很多同学误选IV: vernmentauthorities' instructions. 选错的同学是因为vernment在原文出现过，并且authorities这个词反复出现。此类题最重要的是看懂选项，一般选项以两种方式出现：名词性短语和句子。如果是名词性短语必须理解核心名词的意思即作者强调的重点是哪一方面。IV选项核心名词是instructions（指令，指示），强调其重要性，译为：政府机构指令。instructions的同意词为decisions, 但是后面的but 推翻了前面指令的重要性，所以肯定不选IV, 答案在最后一句话It would have beendifficult...without the support and understanding of district authorities.强调的是地区机构的支持和理解，所以答案选X: Co-operation ofdistrict officials。
The Egyptians had 8_____, which couldlift large pieces of 9______, and they knew how to use the energy of the windfrom their skill as 10______. The discovery on one ... (Cambridge 7 Test 4Q8-13)
原文定位：Others feel thereis more of a case for the theory. Harnessing the wind would not have been a problem foraccomplished sailors like the Egyptians. And they are known to have used wooden pulleys, whichcould have been made strong enough to bear the weight of massive blocks ofstone.
分析：大部分同学可以做对Q8和Q9, 但会答错Q10, 原因在于很多同学认为summary填空题是有序的。Summary题特点是答案比较集中在2-3个段落，但不一定有序，其次答案一般是名词。所以只要定位准确，找个名词填上即可。Q10定位词有：they, energy, wind, skill, 所以定位点应在第二句：Harnessing the wind would not ....。Harness与use同意替换，意为：利用，使用，所以答案是名词sailors。
The writer thinks that the declaration 'There is nobullying at this school'
A. is no longer true in many schools.
B. was not in fact made by many schools.
C. reflected the school's lack of concern.
D. reflected a lack of knowledge and resources.
定位原文：Until recently, not much was knownabout the topic, and little help was available to teachers to deal withbullying. Perhaps as a consequence, schools would often deny the problem. 'There is no bullying at thisschool' has been a common refrain, almost certainly untrue. (Cambridge 6Test 4 Q33)
分析：绝大多数同学会误选A或者B, 原因在于对问题和选项的理解错误。选择题问题有两种形式：句子补充完整和回答问题。正确答案为选项D. lack of knowledge andresources, 与原文notmuch was known about the topic, and little help...同意，help表示资源的意思。整句话意思为：对欺凌话题不了解以及老师所获得帮助（资源）很少。
Q15: Trevor Ford
List of Statements
A suggests that publicity about nickel sulphide failurehas been suppressed
B regularly sees cases of nickel sulphide failure(Cambridge5 test4 Q15)
定位原文: 'what you hear is only the tip ofthe iceberg,' says TrevorFord, a glass expert at Resolve Engineering in Brisbane, Queensland. Hebelieves the reason is simple: 'No-one wants bad press.'
分析：这题大多数同学会错选B。很多同学都能看懂原文第一句话的意思，即：你所听到的只是冰山一角。但绝大多数同学理所当然地把B误解为：经常看见nickel sulphide failure事件发生。