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【朗阁教育】这些雅思阅读填空题的解题原则你知道多少?

  • 来源:朗阁教育
  • 2018/1/22 11:38:10
  • 编辑:朗阁教育

这些雅思阅读填空题的解题原则你知道多少?

 

在雅思阅读中,填空题是除了基础题型是非无以外最简单的题型,它的难度甚至也低于对中国学生来说非常熟悉的选择题。因为选择题对单词量的考察相当大,所以对于一些单词基础比较薄弱的考生来说,得分较难。而填空题虽然也需要大家掌握一定词汇量,但整体来说技巧性比较强,很多时候即使没法完全看懂原文或者答案单词,也能把正确单词找出来,但这需要很大的技巧性。接下来,我们一起来研究一下雅思阅读填空题的基本考点及解题原则。

一、填空题常见题型

1. Summary

即用一段或几段的内容总结文章中某一段、某几段、或整篇文章的主要内容。Summary中有几个空出的单词需要大家补充完整。其中前两种情况(一段或几段)考察较多,后一种情况(全篇)考察较少。Summary本身又分为两种考察形式,第一种是需要考生用原文原词填空。

 

如:

If you visit the Canadian Arctic, you immediately appreciate the problemsfaced by people for whom this is home. It would clearly be impossible for thepeople to engage in 33 as a means of supporting themselves. For thousands ofyears they have had to rely on catching 34 .......................... and 35 ........................as a means of sustenance. The harsh surroundings saw many who tried to settlethere pushed to their limits, although some were successful. The 36...........................people were an example of the latter and for themthe environment did not prove unmanageable. For the present inhabitants, lifecontinues to be a struggle. The territory of Nunavut consists of little morethan ice, rock and a few 37 ...........................  In recent years, many of them have beenobliged to give up their 38 ........................ lifestyle, but theycontinue to depend mainly on 39 ......................... for their food andclothes. 40 ......................... produce is particularly expensive.

 

另一种情况是给出选择项,考生只需在选项中选择正确答案即可,不需要自己填单词,

 

如:

Modern cargo-handling methods have had a significant effect on 23 ...........................as the business of moving freight around the world becomes increasinglystreamlined. Manufacturers of computers, for instance, are able to import 24 ..........................from overseas, rather than having to rely on a local supplier. The introductionof 25.......................... has meant that bulk cargo can be safely andefficiently moved over long distances. While international shipping is nowefficient, there is still a need for governments to reduce 26.......................... in order to free up the domestic cargo sector.

A tariffs                 B components        C container ships          D output

E employees     F insurance costs    G trade                        Hfreight

I fares             J software              K international standards.

 

一般认为第二种考察难度稍大。但实际做题方法与第一种类似,只需要大家在原文中找到应该填的单词后,再在选项中找一个对应的就可以了。一般是非常简单的近义词的对应或者同一词根的不同词性。

 

2. Sentence Completion

完成句子。此题型相当于summary的简化,即考生不需要补充段落,只需要补充完整一句话即可。所以解题方法也与summary基本类似。剑9, 剑10出现此题型较多,考生应该多加重视。例题如下:

 

(1) EPRI receives financial support from .............. .

(2) The advantage of the technique being developed by Diels is that it canbe used………........... .

(3) The main difficulty associated with using the laser equipment isrelated to its ............ .

 

 

3. Diagram/Table Completion

图表/表格填空。用图表,表格或者流程图的方式概括某处主要信息,考生同样需要把其中的空格补充完整。这种题型是填空题中难度最低的一个,考试时如果考生没有时间做完整篇文章,可先将此题做完,因为它需要的解题时间少,并且取得高正确率比较容易。例题如下:

 

Early methods of producing flat glass

Method

Advantages

Disadvantages

1 _______

•     Glass remained 2 ______

•     Slow

•     3 ______

Ribbon

•     Could produce glass sheets  of varing 4 ______

•     Non-stop process

•     Glass was 5 _______

•     20 of glass rubbed away

•     Machines were expensive

 

二、填空题解题技巧

 

文章开头提到,填空题难度较低。如果考生能掌握正确的解题技巧,很多时候在不认识单词的情况下也能找出答案来。下面我们从注意事项和解题方法两大方面来讲解此题型。

 

1. 注意题干中有无告知出题段落

填空题的题干基本都是一样的,比如summary: Complete the summary below. / Complete thesummary using the list of words A-I, below. 因此很多同学做题时都不会再去读题干。但有时候题干中会给出出题段落,比如剑六Climate Change and the Inuit中,summary题干就标明了出处:Complete the summary of paragraphs Cand D below. 这样大家可以直接去C, D两段寻找答案,节省了时间。所以做题前要快速浏览题干。

 

2. 注意题干中字数限制

一般题干中会有Choose NO MORE THAN TWO/THREE WORDS的要求。注意所填答案字数不要超过限制。这带来一个问题,那就是在没超字数限制的情况下答案的选择问题,即是填一个词还是相邻的两个词。比如,如果原文中的相邻词汇是一个形容词加名词,那答案是两者都填还是只填名词呢?如果形容词仅仅是个简单的修饰成分,那在不超字数的前提下可填可不填。比如Pulling strings to build pyramids中:they know how to use the energy of the wind fromtheir skills as_____. 我们定位到原文:Harnessing the wind would not have been a problemfor accomplished sailor

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